What Is An IV Infiltration Or Extravasation Injury?

J.P. Gonzalez-Sirgo
Founder of J.P. Gonzalez-Sirgo, P.A.

Miami and Florida IV Infiltration Cases Attorney J.P. Gonzalez-Sirgo

Patients in hospitals and medical facilities often receive medications and fluids intravenously in the hand or arm. The fluids are introduced into the body through an intravenous catheter, also referred to as an IV catheter or line. This is an extremely common procedure conducted by nurses and other medical professionals. In most instances there are no complications. However, when the IV line is defective, improperly inserted, contaminated or negligently managed, complications can and do occur. IV infiltration and extravasation errors often result in damaged veins and tissue. Other serious injuries include amputation, disfigurement and nerve damage. Fatalities are not uncommon.

Attorney Gonzalez-Sirgo represents clients injured by IV infiltration and extravasation and offers a complimentary consultation to discuss your case.

Basic Difference Between IV Infiltration and IV Extravasation

Both IV infiltration and IV extravasation occur when the IV solution leaks from the intended vein and finds its way into bodily tissue. IV Infiltration pertains to a non-vesicant solution, and extravasation pertains to a vesicant solution. Infiltration generally results in less damage although injuries can require surgery and result in extreme disability. According to the National Cancer Institute: “Vesicants cause blistering and other tissue injury that may be severe and can lead to tissue necrosis (tissue death).” (1)

Common Results of IV Infiltration Errors

  • Nerve damage – often permanent
  • Burns that may require skin grafts
  • Infections
  • Amputation of the damaged extremity
  • Blisters, ulcerations, scarring
  • Toxicity, poisoning

IV Infiltration and Extravasation Errors by Nurses and Other Medical Professionals

IV infiltration and extravasation errors are often caused by the negligence of the nurse or other medical professional conducting the IV procedure:

  • Improper insertion site – the site may be inadequate for the IV needle
  • Using unsterile IV catheters, needles, lines, tubing and other apparatus
  • Failure to properly or adequately clean the skin at the insertion site
  • Failure to keep the site sterile
  • Failing to properly tape down or otherwise secure the needle
  • Failure to respond to the patient’s complaint of extreme pain or burning
  • Failure to utilize the proper size catheter
  • Failure to check the patient’s IV after the patient moved, changed beds, used the bathroom, etc. An IV can be jarred out of the skin with relative ease.
  • Failure to regularly monitor and assess the patient’s IV
  • Failure to document the procedure and/or the patient’s comments/complaints
  • Failure to ask for help from a physician or other medical professional when so needed
  • Many other errors of negligence, inattention and/or improper procedure

Compensatory Damages for Victims of IV Infiltration and Extravasation Injuries and Deaths

If you were injured by an IV infiltration or extravasation error, you may potentially recover compensatory damages for negligence in a personal injury, medical malpractice or product liability lawsuit. Damages for injured victims may potentially include compensation for past, present and future medical expenses resulting from the injury, lost income, pain and suffering and more.

Damages for the legal heirs of deceased victims (e.g., spouse, children, parents and others as provided by Florida’s Wrongful Death Statute 768.21) may potentially include lost support and services, loss of decedent’s companionship, spouse’s mental pain and suffering, loss of parental companionship, instruction and guidance, reimbursement for medical and funeral expenses, and more. The decedent’s estate may recover damages for lost earnings, lost net accumulations, medical expenses, funeral and burial expenses and more. Attorney Gonzalez-Sirgo will explain potential compensation to you.

No Legal Fees Unless We Win or Settle Your Case at The Law Offices of J.P. Gonzalez-Sirgo, P.A.

Miami and Florida Attorney J.P. Gonzalez-Sirgo has represented thousands of clients in a wide array of cases, including the following:

  • Negligence cases
  • Medical malpractice cases
  • Wrongful death cases
  • Many others – please review our extensive website

It is crucial to hire an attorney who is highly experienced in recovering compensatory damages for his clients. Attorney J.P. Gonzalez-Sirgo will pursue the maximum amount of damages possible for his clients. The majority of negligence and wrongful death cases are settled with the defendant’s insurance carrier(s). If a satisfactory settlement is not tendered by the defendant, Attorney Gonzalez-Sirgo will be prepared to take your case to trial and vigorously fight for a court award.

Representing Clients In Miami-Dade, Broward and Palm Beach Counties and Throughout Florida

Negligence cases are accepted on a contingency fee basis. There are no up-front costs to the client, and no costs unless we win or settle your case. Attorney Gonzalez-Sirgo earns his fee as a percentage of the settlement or court award. Attorney Gonzalez-Sirgo offers a complimentary consultation to discuss your particular injury or your loved one’s death.

You can reach Miami Nursing Hospital Medical Malpractice Lawyer J.P. Gonzalez-Sirgo by dialing his direct number at (786) 272-5841, calling the main office at (305) 461-1095, or Toll Free at 1 (866) 71-CLAIM or email Attorney Gonzalez-Sirgo directly at [email protected].


https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms?cdrid=696810 (1)