A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can occur in an instant, as another vehicle comes barreling towards your car or you fall and hit your head on a hard surface. Even though it takes mere seconds to sustain this type of head trauma, the repercussions can last a lifetime. Severe and moderate brain injuries are the leading cause of disability, some of which are cognitive.
Cognitive disabilities affect thinking. While cognitive problems can be minor following a traumatic brain injury, they can also be more serious, making it difficult for the victim to live independently.
Cognitive thinking includes being aware of one’s surroundings, being able to pay attention, memory skills, reasoning, problem solving, and executive skills such as goal setting, planning, initiating, self-awareness, and self-monitoring and evaluation. Cognitive problems can vary depending on where the brain was injured.
Some of the common cognitive issues associated with traumatic brain injury cases, include having trouble concentrating when distractions are present, such as having a conversation in a noisy restaurant, and trouble with recent memory, making learning difficult. People who have sustained head injuries may also take longer to process new information and may have challenges with higher-level executive functions, which include setting goals, organizing, abstract thinking and problem solving.
Even people who have mild to moderate brain injuries are at risk of developing cognitive disabilities. They may become easily confused or distracted and may have difficulty paying attention.
Rehabilitation is generally recommended for people with cognitive problems following a head injury. In severe cases, life-long help may be needed. When a traumatic brain injury is the result of someone else’s negligence, you may be able to recover compensation.